Cross Index Aquaspirillum
SuperSet Prokaryote, Eubacteria Gram negative Vibriods and Aerobic Chemolithotrophic bacteria and Associated microbes and Gram negative aerobic/microaerophilic rods and cocci
Compare Gram negative Vibriods

Alteromonas, Aquaspirillum, Azospirillum , Bdellovibrio, Campylobacter ,Cellvibrio mixtus , Halovibrio variabilis , Helicobacter, Herbaspirillum seropedicae, Marinomonas, Micavibrio admirandus, Oceanospirillum, Spirillum, "Sporospirillum", Vampirovibrio chlorellavorus ,Wolinella

Aerobic Chemolithotrophic bacteria and Associated microbes

Nitrifying bacteria:

Sulfur Oxidizing Acidiphilium Macromonas, Thermothrix thiopara Thiobacillus, Thiobacterium, Thiodendron latens, Thiomicrospira, Thiosphaera, Thiospira, Thiovulum majus

Hydrogen Bacteria: Hydrogenbacter thermophilus

Iron & Manganese bacteria: Aquaspirillum , Bilophococcus, Gallionella ferrunginea, Leptospirillum, Metallogenium , Naumanniella, Ochrobium tectum, Sulfobacillus thermosulfidooxidans, Siderocapsa, Siderococcus limoniticus

Acetobacter, Acidiphilium, Acidomonas methanolica, Acidothermus cellulolyticus, Acidovorax, Acinetobacter, Afipia, Agrobacterium, Agromonas oligotrophica, Alcaligenes, Alteromonas, Aminobacter, Aquaspirillum, Azomonas, Azorhizobium caulinodans, Azotobacter, Bacteroides, Beijerinckia, Bordetella, Bradyrhizobium japonicum, Brucella, Chromohalobacter marismortui, Chryseomonas luteola, Comamonas, Cupriavidus necator, Deleya, Derxia gummosa, Ensifer adherans, Erythrobacter longus, Flavobacterium, Flavomonas oryzihabitans, Francisella, Frateuria aurantica, Gluconobacter, Halomonas, Hydrogenophaga, Janthinobacterium lividum, Kingella, Lampropedia hyalina, Legionella, Marinobacter hydrocarbonoclasticus, Marinomonas, Mesophilobacter marinus, Methylobacillus glycogenes, Methylobacterium, Methylococcus, Methylomonas, Methylophaga, Methylophilus, Methylovorus glucosotrophus, Moraxella, Morococcus cerebrosus, Neisseriaceae, Neisseria, Oceanospirillum, Ochrobactrum anthropi, Oligella, Paracoccus, Phenylobacterium immobile, Phyllobacterium, Pseudomonas, Psychrobacter immobilis, Rhizobacter daucus, Rhizobium, Rhizomonas suberifaciens, Rochalimaea, Roseobacter, Rugomonas rubra, Serpens, Sinorhizobium, Sphingobacterium, Taylorella equigenitalis, Thermoleophilum, Thermomicrobium, Thermus, Variovorax paradoxus, Volcaniella eurhalina, Weeksella, Wolinella, Xanthobacter, Xanthomonas, Xyella fastidiosa, Xylophilus ampelinus, Zoogloea ramigera

Contrast Archaea


Morphology Aquaspirillum
Morphology Rigid, generally helical cells, 0.2-1.4 um in diameter; how-ever, one species is vibrioid, another consists of straight rods Some species form thin-walled coccoid bodies which predominate in old cultures
Motility Motile by polar flagella, generally bipolar tufts; one species is monotrichous, others have a single flagellum at each pole
Specialized structures A polar membrane underlies the cytoplasmic membrane at the cell poles in all species so far examined for this characteristic by electron microscopy. Intracellular poly-B-hydroxybutyrate is usually formed.
Solid surface  


Growth Parameters Aquaspirillum
Oxygen Aerobic to microaerophilic, having a respiratory type of metabolism with oxygen as the terminal electron acceptor, a few species can grow anaerobically with nitrate.
Temperature 30- 32`C
Requires Chemoorganotrophic; however, one species is a facultative hydrogen autotroph. Carbohydrates are not usually catabolized, but a few species can attack a limited variety. Amino acids or the salts of organic acids serve as carbon sources. Vitamins are not usually required.
Produces Oxidase-positive. Usually catalase- and phosphatase-positive. Indole- and sulfatase-negative. Casein, starch and hippurate are not hydrolyzed. No growth occurs in the presence of 3% NaCl. A few species can denitrify. Nitrogenase activity occurs in some species, but only under microaerobic conditions.
Unique features  
Habitat Usually occur in stagnant, freshwater environments.


Genome Aquaspirillum
G+C Mol % 49 to 66


Reference Aquaspirillum
First citation Hylelmon,P.B., J.S. Wells, N.R.Krieg and H.W. Jannasch (1973) The genus Spirillum: a taxonomic study. IJSB 23:20-27
The Prokaryotes P
Bergey's Systematatic p 72 N. R. Kreig
p 1888 N. R. Krieg.
p 1888 R.P. Blakemore
Bergey's Determinative p 40 p 76