Cross Index Acetivibrio
SuperSet Prokaryote, Eubacteria Gram-Negative, Anaerobic, Straight, Curved, and Helical Bacteria
Compare Acetivibrio Acetoanaerobium noterate , Acetofilamentum rigidum, Acetogenium kivui, Acetomicrobium, Acetothermus paucivorans,, Acidaminobacter hydrogenoformans, Anaerbioospirillum succiniciproducens, , Anaerorhabdus furcosus ,Anaerovibrio, Bacteroides, Butyrivibrio, Centipeda periodontii, Fervidobacterium, Fibrobacter, Fusobacterium Haloanaerobium praevalens, Halobacteroides halobius, Ilyobacter, Lachnospira multparus Leptotrichia buccalis, Malaonomonas rubra, Megamonas hypermega, Mitsuokella, Oxalobacter formigenes, Pectinatus, Pelobacter Porphyromonas, Provotella, Propionigenium modestum, Propionispira arboria, Rikenella microfusus, Roseburia ceciola, Ruminobacter amylophilus, Sebaldella termitidis, Selenomonas, Sporomusa, Succinimonas amylolytica, Succinivibrio dextrinosolvens, Syntrophobacter wolinii, Syntrophomonas, Thermobacteroides, Thermosipho africanus, Thermotoga, Tissierella praeacuta, Wolinella, Zymophilus
Contrast Archaea


Morphology Acetovibrio
Staining Gram-negative
Morphology Straight to slightly curved rods, 0.5-0.9 by 1.5-10.0 um occurring singly, in pairs and in chains of cells up to 40 um long.,.
Motility Motile by means of a single flagellum located about one-third of the distance from pole to pole or by multiple flagella which are arranged linearly and often fascicled, emanating from the concave side of the cells in both cases.
Specialized structures nonsporeforming
Solid surface  


Growth Parameters Acetovibrio
Tropism Chemoorganotrophic May or may not metabolize peptone. Acetic acid is the sole or major organic acid end product of carbohydrate fermentation
Oxygen Obligately anaerobic.
Temperature Optimum temperature 35- 37`C
Products Formic acid is produced by some strains. Propionic, butyric, succinic and lactic acids are not formed. The other products of carbohydrate fermentation are H2, CO2, and ethanol.
Unique features  
Habitat sewage sludge and pig feces


Genome Acetovibrio
G+C Mol % 37-40 (UV spectroscopy and Tm).


Reference Acetovibrio
First citation Patel, G.B.,A.W. Khan, B. J. Agnew and J.R. Colvin. 1980. Isolation and characterization of an anerobic, cellullytic microorganism Acetovibrio cellulolyticus gen. nov. sp. nov. IJSB 30: 179-185
Emended Robinson ,I. M. and A.E. Ritchie. 1981. Emendation of Acetovibrio and description of Acetovibrio ethanolgignens, a new species from the colons of pigs with dysentry. IJSB 31:333-338
The Prokaryotes p
Bergey's Systematatic p 658 G. B. Patel
Bergey's Determinative p 291