|Prokaryote, Eubacteria Sheathed heterotrophs
|Herpetosiphon, Thioploca and Thiothrix nivea which also have sheaths are a lso included in Nonphotosynthetic, Nonfruiting Gliding Bacteria in the non fruiting section. The genus Lyngbya which is one of the cyanobacteria also has a sheath.
|Archaea Desmanthos thiorenophium
|Filaments 3-7 um wide and up to 1.5 cm long, attached or free, surrounded by a more or less distinct sheath which may be encrusted with iron or manganese oxides giving a yellowish-brown colour. Filaments tapering; they may be single or with false branches. Cells cylindrical, colourless or bluish, 2-2.5 x 12-18 um, being larger at the base and smaller at the tip of the filament
|. Reproduction is by separation of individual cells, followed by breakage of the sheath and release to the outside; such cells frequently attach themselves parallel to older cells and produce new filaments, giving rise to "pseudobranching". Most of these morphological features were noted in Roze's original drawings
|These organisms have not been grown in pure culture on artificial media.
|G+C Mol %
|Roze,E. 1896. Le Clonothrix, un nouveau type generique de Cyanophycees. J. Bot. (Paris) 10:325-330
|p 2008 P. Hirsch