claim with strong support in the form of reason, evidence, explanatory
claim that is more compelling than any of its competing claims.
-a claim that may
be refuted or revised in the future as additional knowledge is acquired.
-may be "habitual knowledge," that is, knowledge
you once had the proof for but can no longer prove if asked (e.g, the
square on the hypotenuse of a right angled is equal to the sum of the
squares on the other two sides).
knowledge based on authorities (people you trust) (e.g., I know that
Paris is a real city though I have no empirical or sensory experience of
this. I trust the authorities. I know that Highway 11 will get me to
North Bay though I have no empirical experience of this. I trust these