the Researcher: This
session involves examining certain cognitive biases to which the researcher
may be subject that may influence conclusions being drawn from "data".
Unintentional experimenter bias and subject bias (intentional and
unintentional) is discussed. The notion of data as an extension of theory
rather than an independent test of theory is examined. Design problems in
comparative research will be discussed as will other design issues with
examples from Piagetian research and other areas of research. Issues
regarding statistical tests and the null hypothesis are discussed including
the issue of statistical significance versus social significance.
V.M and Shapiro , J (1998) Mindful Inquiry in Social Research.
London:Sage publications (I have ordered copies for all students that will
be available in the LU bookstore)
and Means, B. (1981) Comparative Studies of How People Think.
Cambridge:Harvard University Press.