David W. Kelly
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Great Lakes Institute for Environmental Research,
University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, Canada N9B 3P4
ph. (519) 253-3000 bioinvasion lab: ext. 2734; conservation genetics lab: ext. 4733; office: ext. 3749
Fax (519) 971-3616
alternative email: firstname.lastname@example.org
3160 Peter Street
Research Associate (October 2005-current)
GLIER Postdoctoral Fellow (October 2003-October 2005)
& Aquatic Ecology Research Group, Queens University of Belfast, (1998-2001)
Topic: The role of native and invasive amphipods in freshwater systems
B.Sc. 1st class (Hons),
Zoology, Queens University of Belfast (1994-1998)
I have a wide range
of research interests; my thesis work focused on the importance of the
functional trophic role of aquatic amphipods in driving patterns in freshwater
invertebrate and fish communities at a range of spatial scales. In particular,
I am interested in the role of predation as a direct and indirect mechanism,
and also, how the balance of a dual detritivore/ predator role may drive
impacts of non-indigenous versus native amphipods.
More recently my focus has shifted to the utility of riverine amphipod invasions as models of energy flow in stream ecosystems. By displacing native amphipods and other invertebrate species, and by differing in resource use and/ or assimilation efficiency, non-indigenous amphipods have the potential to alter the flux of energy in a system, particularly if they impact functionally important native species.
As the rate of species
invasions increase globally, it is essential probe the origins and pathways
that have facilitated their range expansions. This information provides
for a comprehensive understanding of associated vectors and benefits management
of invasions through risk assessment and prevention. Accurate identification
of source populations also enables the formation and testing of hypotheses
related to many fundamental tenets of invasion ecology. For example, the
importance of genetic diversity, hybridisation and enemy release as mechanisms
underlying invasion success. In many cases, invading species undergo major
habitat transitions and so understanding genetic and phenotypic responses
can shed new light on the ability of colonising species to evolve rapidly
during range expansions. Given the widespread native ranges of many invertebrate
species, coupled with the difficulty involved using traditional taxonomy
in their identification, phylogeographic studies can be of benefit in tackling
many of the above problems. I am currently studying the phylogeography
of a native N. American estuarine invertebrate that has invaded freshwater
habitats in Europe and North America. My goal is to assess invasion sources
and pathways and the processes that have facilitated adaptation to freshwater.
Kelly, D.W., Muirhead, J.R., Heath, D. D., & MacIsaac, H. J. Contrasting patterns in genetic diversity following multiple invasions of fresh and brackish waters. Molecular Ecology (accepted).
Matthaei, C., Weller, F., Kelly, D.W. & Townsend, C.R. Effects of sediment addition on streams in areas of contrasting agricultural development. Freshwater Biology (accepted).
Kelly, D.W., MacIsaac, H. J. & Heath, D. D. 2006. Vicariance and dispersal effects on phylogeographic structure and speciation in a widespread estuarine invertebrate. Evolution 60:257-267.
Kelly, D.W. & Dick, J.T.A. Patterns in riverine macroinvertebrate composition at the catchment level: Interactive effects of environment and an introduced invertebrate speciesl. Archive fur Hydrobiologie (accepted).
Kelly, D.W. & Dick J. T. A. (2005). Introduction of the non-indigenous amphipod Gammarus pulex alters population dynamics and diet of juvenile trout Salmo trutta. Freshwater Biology 50:127-140.
Kelly, D.W., Bailey, R. J., MacNeil, C., Dick, J.T.A. & McDonald, R.A. (In review). Changes in native macroinvertebrate community composition accompany an ongoing amphipod species replacement.
Muirhead, J., Leung, B., van Overdijk, C., Kelly, D.W, Kanavillil, N., Marchant, K. & MacIsaac, H. 2005. Modeling local and long-distance dispersal of the emerald ash borer Agrilus planipennis (Coleoptera) in North America. Diversity and Distributions 12:71-79.
Bailey, S.A., Kelly, D.W., Gray, D.K., Kanavillil, N. & MacIsaac, H.J. Biological invasions in Lake Erie: five years later. In review: Pulse of Lake Erie, Ed. M. Munawar, Backhuys, Leiden, The Netherlands.
Dick, J.T.A, Johnson, M.P., McCambridge, S., Johnson, J., Carson, V.E.E., Kelly, D.W. & MacNeil, C. 2006. Predatory nature of the littoral amphipod Echinogammarus marinus: gut contents analysis and the effects of alternative food and substrate heterogeneity, Marine Ecology Progress Series, In Press.
Kelly, D.W., Dick, J.T.A., Montgomery, W.I. & MacNeil, C. (2003). Differences in composition of macroinvertebrate communities with invasive and native Gammarus spp. (Crustacea: Amphipoda). Freshwater Biology 48: 306-315.
Kelly, D.W., Dick, J.T.A. & Montgomery, W.I. (2002). The functional role of Gammarus (Crustacea, Amphipoda): shredders, predators, or both? Hydrobiologia, 485,(1/3) 199-203.
Kelly, D.W., Dick, J.T.A. & Montgomery, W.I. (2002). Predation on mayfly nymph, Baetis rhodani, by native and introduced Gammarus: direct effects and the facilitation of predation by salmonids. Freshwater Biology, 47:1257-1268.
Dick, J.T.A., Platvoet, D. & Kelly, D.W. (2002). Predatory impact of the freshwater invader, Dikerogammarus villosus (Crustacea: Amphipoda). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 59:1078-1084.
MacNeil, C., Dick, J. T. A., Bigsby, E., Elwood, R. W., Montgomery, W. I., Gibbins, C. N. & Kelly, D. W. (2002). The validity of the Gammarus: Asellus ratio as an index of organic pollution: abiotic and biotic influences. Water Research 36:75-84.
D. W., Mathers, R. G. and Crowley, K. (2001). An assessment of water quality
within the Erne catchment in relation to its potential to sustain salmon
populations. Proceedings of the Irish Fisheries Management Conference 2000,
Edited by Christopher Moriarty.
Kelly, D. W., Mathers, R. G. and Crowley, K. Water Quality Assessment In: Erne Salmon Management Programme: Final report. (2002). Edited by R. G. Mathers & K. Crowley, Northern Regional Fisheries Board.
Lough Derg and Lough Ree Catchment Management and Monitoring System. (2001). Kirk McClure Morton, Consulting Engineers
A survey of the Three-Mile-Water with proposals for restoration & development. (March 2001). Paul Johnston & Associates, Fisheries Consultants
Glenedra Dam: Environmental Impact Statement Volume 1. (September 2000). Kirk McClure Morton, Consulting Engineers
Erne East Area Based Strategy: An Angling development strategy for Erne East. (May 2000). Paul Johnston & Associates, Fisheries Consultants
W. & Harrison, S. W. R. (1998) An assessment of the habitat status
of seafront water courses in the Strangford Lough and Dundrum Bay areas
as to their suitability for sea trout spawning and recruitment. ADSEA internal